Please watch the video ‘What has Europe ever done for us’. The video shows in a funny way how the EU is often criticised for not delivering outcomes to its citizens and how this could be responded to.
Nevertheless, over the last years, another particularly strong criticism related to the democratic deficit has emerged. The argument is that the EU has been driven by political elites and the citizens’ preferences have not been included. As a result, the legitimacy of the decision–making process has been challenged and the European leaders had to respond to it (Nello, 2009, p.43).
Let’s then see how the EU institutions have been reformed over the years and whether the reform aimed to bring the EU ‘as close to citizens a possible’.