The European Council is a regular meeting of the heads of state and government of the EU member states. It has to be heads of state and government to reflect the different political systems of EU member states – if it was just heads of state, from the UK point of view the Queen would have to go!
While European Council Summit meetings were a common feature of the EU landscape for many years, it was not until the introduction of the Treaty of Lisbon (2009) that the European Council became an official institution of the European Union.
Read the information on the European Council website:
- What is the main remit of the European Council?
- How often does the European Council meet?